“The Red Flower” – V.M. Garshin: That’s a elite!

“The Red Flower” is the collection that contains 10 of the best short stories gathered during Garshin’s various composing periods. The story shows the style of short stories of the author.

War has left a profound mark on Garshin’s psychological life as well as in his compositions. Narratives with simple storyline and structure appeal to the reader, as opening up to them is the complex emotional world of the characters, exposing the humanity of the intellectual generation as it unfolds. Facing the war.

In the four-day short story, the reader has witnessed the harshest moments of a human being in war, when the character claims I was severely wounded, and facing death, feeling death is advancing rapidly. on his side. Then he was scared, hurt, tormented by memories, desires, and painful thoughts.

The Four-Day Story, the author takes material from himself injured while engaging in his war.

The traces of war are also shown in short stories such as The Very Fast Love, The Coward … Although not writing about war directly, each character in Garshin’s short story is always between narrow lines. Torn between fear, ideal, opposite and hiding. No matter how writing, his stories cover a mood of sadness, reflection, and despair.

The author himself was always against the war, but he also accepted the battlefield, because he wanted to be with the people. Garshin’s idea is well illustrated by the cowardice. There are human situations in the war in turn, very specific, and evocative.

Garshin is also particularly interested in the thought of artists like him. When writing The Artists (1879), the writer posed the question of the role of art in society, contemplating the needlessness of contemporary art. The character in the series, the talented young artist Ryabinin who painted the landscape, has given up painting to attend the school of pedagogy. The contradiction between the “artistic taste of art” and the “art of human goodness” has been manifested through the distinction of two talented artists, Ryabinin and Devod, whom the author expresses through How narrative narrative appeals.

The author is also a writer who often uses plants and animals as symbolic characters in his short stories, such as the palm of Attalea princeps (1880), or the frog in A Voyage ( 1887) … to express ideas, think about your life.

Garshin devoted himself to writing his most famous short story, The Red Flower (1883). It is an emotional, philosophical and dramatic work. The triumph of the evil of the world in which the characters have made ordinary phenomena, like the red poppy flowers, also turned into symbolic images.

The red flower is considered to be his best short story, the story of a madman locked in a madhouse, and his destructive journey. All his thoughts are narrated in the voice of self-aggregation, agitation, sadness.

This particular patient did not sleep for ten days with delirium and meaningless screams. For the whole story (in addition to his transient insights), he has discovered meaningless things, expressing meaningless senseless things in a very fluid way, according to his own logic. He constantly walked around the house, not sleeping, except when he was injected.

One day, he noticed the special red flower in the mad farm garden. He regarded the red flower as a manifestation of evil and felt the need to immediately cut it off, to escape the world. He felt the flowers terrorized, overwhelmed himself and pushed himself to the end. . After waking up he concentrated on planning how to cut off all three red flowers.

By cutting off the flowers and holding them in his chest, the patient believes that he has eliminated the evil, and sacrifices himself to die as an honest warrior, not continuing to spread evil. Wide around the world. The story can be viewed as a kind of autobiography of the author, because it is very similar to Garshin’s life, in the struggle with mental illness, and then committed suicide at the age of 33 in Petersburg (1888). It represents a persistent struggle and the deadlock of the author with the bad things in life, but he himself can not find a way out except death.

Garshin’s death caused a great resonance among Russian readers of various backgrounds. Listing I.E. Repin was thrilled to draw the writer’s last portrait in the middle of the red flowers before returning to the land.

Some of his works at the time were unpopular with literary critics. They criticized Garshin for his dark and pessimistic tone in his story. Populists brought his story as an example of the torment of the intelligentsia at the time. However, at present, the few works he has left are considered outstanding short stories, and Garshin is noted as one of the pioneers in the development of Russian short stories, before APChekhov.

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